Hydrogen Economy I Transportation


Conversion of Unused Oil Platform into a Wave Farm

 
Based on Motorwave technology which can be placed offshore, we can imagine projects that are otherwise not feasible.Areas with very high wave energy levels are far away from land and can not be connected or linked by means of electric cable or pipeline.One of the projects is to make use of a decommissioned oil drilling platform or a small island and establish a base for hydrogen production and shipment.
 
 
All energy for the project will be provided by the Motorwave, including electricity needed on the platform for water electrolysis in order to produce hydrogen and oxygen.Mechanical energy will be used to compress H2, and to desalinize sea water.
Desalinated water can also be produced for shipment elsewhere.With an unlimited supply of sea water at 4 degrees Celsius, the liquefaction by using thompson/joule is possible.
 

Transportation to land can be organized with two options.

A) by ships transporting compressed or liquid hydrogen.
Part of the hydrogen/oxygen produced will be used to power the transport ships (using internal combustion engines).

B) By zeppelin, low altitude flying cargo powered by hydrogen/oxygen.Hydrogen is used for the filling of the zeppelin and the cargo can be the compressed or liquid hydrogen. These flying cargo vessels are unmanned and flying only over sea, so there are minimal security issues.

 

 
Transportation        
 
One of the interesting challenges of transporting hydrogen is the multi-use of hydrogen - as cargo, as afuel, and as a buoyancy component. To date, helium costs 10 times more than hydrogen from conventional production (approx. US$.65/1000 Cubic ft), and would cost between 50 to 100 times more than hydrogen produced by Motorwave.

The performance qualities are almost the same except, that helium does not burn or explode. The unfortunate reminder of the Hindenburg should not stop us from finding safe ways of using hydrogen.Technology of unmanned plane or drones is very mature and could easily be used on hydrogen filled zeppelins, like Motorair, by flying at very low altitudes and over the sea.
 
 
If used as a train-like convoy, it should be possible to carry large shipments. It takes about 1 liter of hydrogen gas to carry 1 gram of cargo.
The interesting question is also whether the Motorair will be lighter (LTA) or heavier than air (HTA). Due to the unique shape, Motorair can float on water. Calculations need to be made to compare the energy needed to have an airborn Motorair with either HTA or LTA.
A Motorair that is LTA just needs energy for displacement, and can stay in a stationary position. A HTA Motorair needs extra energy for reaching a certain kinetic energy level to allow it to fly.
 
An other question is what shape is best for the Motorair? Shapes are directly related to the architecture and therefore to the weight, since we are not carrying people, we have more freedom on the design. We know that the best ratio of volume/surface is the sphere, and the best ratio of speed/volume is the arrow shape. The best ratio of volume/weight is an inflatable non structured design. We also know that to use the wind's energy (the same as a sailboat) we need a large surface (area). We know that with cargo attached, there is no horizontal instability, and that the cost of the machine is related to the limits of mass production and therefore the size.
 

 
Theory for the Motorair  
   
This flying machines is a mixture of several existing machines. Due to the shape, it is a giant wing where air will flow as if in a tunnel like with a kite. The two hydrogen filled tanks will give a density close to air. The apparent weight of the total will be close to zero. The real weight
is hundreds of tons, giving a very high inertia.
       
Motorair has no flying direction, it can fly in both directions. The interest of this design is to take advantage of wind energy the same way a sail boat and a glider does. To take off, there are two panels on both sides that can have a different angle. By opening both side panels, one side of Motorair will raise, giving an angle that will give lifting power. By controlling the panels' angle, we can control the elevation. The Motorair's main purpose is to fly at a low altitude (100 meters), but depending on wind direction, it might be necessary to fly higher in order to pick up potential energy that will be transformed into displacement in the air.
 
       
The directional control is made done by 3 sails on the top. There are two assistance motors for maneuvering, and in case there is no wind, these will lift the Motorair until the wind is caught between the large hydrogen tubes. It might also be necessary in case of special wind conditions to keep a small anchor-like mechanism that is delta shaped. The faster the Motorair goes, the more dragging that occurs, thus keeping the Motorair at a low altitude.
>>more pictures
 
         
Stability can only be guaranteed by the cargo weight, creating a very low center of gravity.It will be possible to increase the manoeuvrability by shifting the cargo. The cargo Liquid Hydrogen tanks will be placed in submerged underwater when loading or unloading, increasing the security of the system.
         
Motorair is designed mainly to take off from water and land on water. It can also be used over land, but since it is hydrogen filled, computer controlled and unmanned, it is highly improbable to get government agencies approval for over-land use unless in remote areas.

Other obvious uses of Motorair will be to carry Motorwaves or other heavy equipment and cargo.
         
 
 
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